ROME — Benito Mussolini was an Italian political leader who became the fascist dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1945.
Originally a revolutionary socialist, he forged the paramilitary fascist movement in 1919 and became prime minister in 1922.
Called “Il Duce” (the Leader) by his countrymen or simply “Mussolini,” he allied himself with Adolf Hitler during World War II, relying on the German dictator to prop up his leadership.
Mussolini was executed by firing squad shortly after the German surrender in Italy in 1945.
Here are the achievements of Benito Mussolini between 1922-1943
There was constitutional development for one year, new laws were passed, and there was law and order.
His government reconciled with the Catholics and the Pope in 1929 when he signed the agreement with the pope called Lateran Pact
Made Rome a capital of Italy and Vatican declared independent and he made Catholicism to become a state religion.
He compensated the church for the losses and legalized their privileges.
He created a large army and equipped it with modern weapons and also set up an air force
He promoted Italian glory abroad by annexing Abyssinia and creating an empire there.
In 1936, he signed the Berlin, Rome, Tokyo axis to fight communism.
He encouraged industrialization, iron, steel, production doubled, motor vehicles, art craft, railways etc.
Hydro Electricity Power doubled by 1938.
Public works improved e.g. roads, railways doubled.
Agriculture improved e.g. wheat and grain production doubled.
He created a cooperate state liberal and eliminated class conflicts and ideological differences.
He brought social order and passed a number of pro – business policies.
He promoted education and fought illiteracy.